PORT DIRECTIVE OF 1878 FOR MERCHANT SHIPS OPERATING IN THE OTTOMAN CAPITAL (DERSAADET) ISTANBUL SEAPORTS / BAŞKENT İSTANBUL’DA (DERSAADET) İŞLEYEN TİCARET GEMİLERİNE YÖNELİK 1878 LİMAN NİZAMNAMESİ

İsmail KÖSE

Özet


After the conquest of Istanbul, Ottoman capital relocated to this city and the waterways passing between Asia and Europa became the Turkish Straits. When the Ottomans reached to the northern coasts of the Black Sea, the Turkish Straits became a matter of security and commerce for Tsarist Russia. From the last decades of 19th century Russian desires on Istanbul and the Straits could not be fulfilled and until present day the desire to control the straits remains. The war of 1877-78 brought destructive consequences for the Ottomans and paved the way for Russia to have some control on shipping using the Straits. The balance of power during that time did not allow Russian militaristic control over Straits. However, it was an undeniable reality that Russian merchant ships had obtained freedom of navigation within the Straits after the year of 1878. In order to lessen Russian influence as much as possible and get adapted to new condition the Ottoman government was forced to issue a new regulation for the merchant ships operating in the Straits. The new Directive brought some rules and rights for foreign vessels, including the one that Ottoman government could not punish the Russian ships in case of their illegal departure from the ports. 


Anahtar Kelimeler


Turkish Straits, Russia, Dersaadet, Ports, Britain

Tam Metin:

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Referanslar


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