SOME LIMITATIONS ON THE CONTROLLABILITY OF THE REFERENT IN TURKISH DEMONSTRATIVES / TÜRKÇE İŞARET SÖZCÜKLERİNDE GÖNDERGENİN KONTROL EDİLEBİLİRLİĞİ ÜZERİNDEKİ BAZI KISITLAMALAR

Metin BALPINAR

Özet


More recent linguistic works on Turkish demonstratives have turned their attention to the concept of controllability which is one of the pragmatico-semantic parameters and which conditions the occurrence of the text-dependent (non-anaphoric) usages of bu and o in the verbal text. In this study, it is shown that Turkish has a phenomenon which cannot be purely explained in terms of this concept, and it is argued that (i) there are some limiting conditions determining the distribution of the non-anaphoric demonstratives other than this parameter in Turkish demonstrative use, (ii) the interchangeability between the antecedent noun and the co-referential noun is one of the crucial factors that are operative in the selection of the appropriate usages of the non-anaphoric bu and o, (iii) on the situation where the intended referent is within the controllable domain of the speaker, ‘bu’ is used to refer to it if the co-referential noun semantically contains the antecedent noun, and ‘o’ is used to refer to it if the antecedent noun contains the co-referential noun, (iv) on the situation where the referent is not within the controllable domain of the speaker, ‘o’ refers to it regardless of whether the co-referential noun semantically contains the antecedent noun or not, (v) time is a secondary factor conditioning whether the intended referent is within the controllable domain of the speaker or not.

Anahtar Kelimeler


Turkish; demonstratives; the non-anaphoric use; controllable domain; antecedent noun; co-referential noun; time

Tam Metin:

PDF (English)

Referanslar


BALPINAR, Metin (2010), “Gendai Torukogo ni okeru ‘o’ keiretsu shijishi no tokuchō ni tsuite: chokuji yōhō wo chūshin ni” [Properties of ‘o’ series demonstratives in modern Turkish: focusing on deictic use]. Tōkyō Daigaku Gengogaku Ronshū, 30: 9-26.

BALPINAR, Metin (2011), “Torukogo shijishi no bunmyaku shiji yōhō ni tsuite: Bunshōōkei toshite no bu, o no yōhō” [On the the text dependent use of Turkish demonstratives: the usage of bu and o as sentence anaphor]. Kyōto Daigaku Gengogaku Kenkyū, 30: 71-105.

BALPINAR, Metin (2012), “Torukogo shijishi ni okeru hibunmyaku shiji yōhō to bunmyaku shiji yōhō ni tsuite: bunmyaku shiji yōhō wo chūshin ni” [On non-text and text dependent uses of Turkish demonstratives: focusing on text dependent use]. Ajia & Afurika Gengo Bunka Kenkyū, 83: 89-116.

BALPINAR, Metin (2014), “Torukogo shijishi ni okeru hibunmyaku shiji yōhō no saikentō” [Re-examination of the non-text dependent use of Turkish demonstratives]. Tōkyō Daigaku Gengogaku Ronshū, 35: 21-39.

BALPINAR, Metin (2019), Demonstratives and Grammaticalization: A Perspective from Modern Turkish, London and New York: Routledge.

BANGUOĞLU, Tahsin (2004), Türkçe’nin Grameri, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu.

BASTUJI, Jacqueline (1976), Les Relations Spatiales en Turc Contemporain; Étude Sémantique. Paris: Éditions Klincksieck.

BAYDUR, Memet (2009), Tiyatro Oyunları, İstanbul: İletişim Yayınları.

ERGİN, Muharrem (1958), Türk Dil Bilgisi, İstanbul: İstanbul Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları.

GENCAN, Tahir Nejat (2001), Dilbilgisi, Ankara: Türk Dil Kurumu.

GÖKSEL, Aslı - KERSLAKE, Celia (2005), Turkish: A Comprehensive Grammar, London and New York: Routledge.

HAYASI, Tōru (1985), “Torukogo no shijishi” [Turkish demonstratives]. Ajia & Afurika Gengo Bunka Kenkyūjo Tsūshin, 53: 55-57.

HAYASI, Tōru (1989), “Torukogo no susume 3: ‘kore-sore-are’ are kore” [An invitation to Turkish 3: ‘kore, sore, are’ are kore]. Gengo, 18.1: 96-101.

HAYASI, Tōru (2008), “Torukogo shijishi şu no tokuchō” [Characteristics of the Turkish demonstrative şu]. Tōkyō Daigaku Gengogaku Ronshū, 27: 217-232.

HAYASI, Tōru (2009), “Torukogo shijishi no sentaku ni okeru washa no handan no baratsuki” [How variant are the judgments of Turkish speakers on the usage of demonstratives?]. Tōkyō Daigaku Gengogaku Ronshū, 28: 267-282.

HAYASI, Tōru (2014), “Temporal characteristic of the Turkish demonstrative şu,” Turcology and Linguistics: Éva Ágnes Csató Festschrift, Nurettin Demir, Birsel Karakoç, Astrid Menz (Eds.). Ankara: Hacettepe Üniversitesi: 209-218.

IINUMA, Eizō. (1995), Torukogo Kiso [Basic Turkish], Tōkyō: Besutosha.

IRMAK, Coşkun (2002), Siyah Çoraplılar. İstanbul: Mitos Boyut Yayınları.

JANSKY, Herbert (1943), Lehrbuch der Türkischen Sprache, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

KINSUI, Satoshi – et al. (2002), “Shijigo no rekishiteki-taishō gengogakuteki kenkyū: Nihongo-Kankokugo-Torukogo” [Historical and comparative linguistic studies of demonstrative words: Japanese, Korean, Turkish], Shirīzu Gengo Kagaku 4 Taishō Gengogaku [Series in linguistic science 4 contrastive linguistics], Naoki Ogoshi (Ed.). Tōkyō: Tōkyō daigaku shuppankai: 217-247.

KORNFILT, Jaklin (1997), Turkish, London: Routledge.

LEWIS, Geoffrey L. (1967), Turkish Grammar, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

ÖZYÜREK, Aslı (1998), “An analysis of the basic meaning of Turkish demonstratives in face-to-face conversational interaction,” Oralité et Géstualité: Communication multimodale, interaction, Serge Santi, Isabelle Guaïtella, Christian Cavé, Gabrielle Konopczynski (Eds.). Paris: L'Harmattan: 609-614.

PETERS, Ludwig (1947), Grammatik der Türkischen Sprache, Berlin: Axel Juncker Verlag.

SWIFT, Lloyd B. (1963), A Reference Grammar of Modern Turkish, Bloomington: Indiana University.

UNDERHILL, Robert (1976), Turkish Grammar, Cambridge: The MIT Press.


Refback'ler

  • Şu halde refbacks yoktur.